Resources for Introduction to Missions

A foundational missiology course

Students will be introduced to concepts that will be looked at in greater depth in other missions courses, such as Cultural Anthropology, Theology of Missions, Modern Missionary Movement, Mission Strategies, Linguistics, and World Religions.

While Introduction to Missions serves as an introductory course for those wishing to major in world missions, one key purpose of Introduction to Missions is to build globally-minded pastors and lay leaders. For that reason, the course is part of the ministry curriculum for all religion majors. Thus, the class will be largely populated by those whose future is something other than cross-cultural, expatriate missionary service.

"Mission is not fulfilling a duty; it is loving God so much that you can do nothing more than reflect Christ back to the world in all that you do so that the nations can find the ultimate blessing that is available to them in God. -- Veronica R., Northwest Nazarene University student

intro.pdf">Course Syllabus [ syllabus.htm">"What is a syllabus?" ]

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Open Educational Resources

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Course resources





Other resources

This course is similar in content to the popular "Perspectives on the World Christian Movement" taught in locations all across the U.S.

What past students have said about this course

"I see the importance of missions with new eyes."

"I felt very connected to the material."


Most courses at SNU contain a writing component.
I expect students to produce written work that is focused, well developed, organized, and relatively free of grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors.
Papers falling short of this standard will not be graded. That work will be returned to the students for further revision and resubmission.
See my writing checklist.

Let's sing!

NextIntro to Missions class may often start with the class singing a chorus in another language. [ more ]

Christian missions information on the Internet

"Thanks for all your work for the Kingdom. It's pretty clear to me that the path most people choose for their lives is shaped by what they learn in college and the resulting decisions they make. Keep steering them toward giving themselves to what really matters obeying God and laboring in the Harvest."
    --Lori C.

Sample: Review of article from Evangelical Missions Quarterly

Missiology course assignment fulfillment

One assignment in Introduction to Missions was to take a look at one or more of the journals published for missionaries and for those teaching missions. Here are three samples of of actual student reports done for this assignment. In addition to serving as samples for future students, they may also be good critical review material for those of you not in Introduction to Missions!

The students were asked to list some of the other articles the particular issue of the journal in which they found the article they reviewed. Those titles may also help you see the topics being discussed by missionaries and by those teaching missiology.

Sample #1

Friesen, Randy. "The Long-term Impact of Short-term Missions." Evangelical Missions Quarterly. Oct. 2005: 448-454.

This article begins with a discussion of Friesen's time in Kenya and some of the interactions he witnessed between the Massai people and the Canadian students who were there in a student exchange program for discipleship training. Friesen noted that "some team members were discouraged that they had not `accomplished' more," (449) which he finds to be a common emotion among "short-termers." He then found out, seven years later, that the church the short-termers helped to plant had a congregation of over 300 members! Intrigued by this phenomenon, Friesen decided to do his doctoral work about proving, statistically, the long-term impact of short-term missions. The rest of the article discusses his research methodology and summarizes his main research results.

Among his findings, I found the most fascinating to be the one that among short-term missions participants, there tends to be a decline in their church relationship after their experience and female participants tend to experience greater spiritual growth. Based on my experiences with short term work and witness trips, I have found both of these to be true. Friesen also found that pre-field discipleship leads to a higher score of overall change. I definitely agree with him concerning this matter, and I applaud many of the outlets for sending Nazarene short-termers in providing an opportunity to do this before one leaves on a cross-cultural ministerial experience. Throughout the article, the author discusses other findings and then concludes with ways that churches and missions organizations can be helpful in facilitating positive growth-promoting work and witness experiences.

Among his suggestions, I found that his tip that "we must do more to debrief and follow up with short-term mission participants" to be very applicable to my life and the lives of other short-termers I know. I really feel that, in my major short-term experience to Africa this past summer that there was an inadequate amount of debriefing that took place upon return. Without knowledge of the different ways that I could do this, I found the adjustment from the plane to my summer job as a Girl Scout camp counselor to a bit rocky. I am glad, however, that authors, like this one, are trying to raise awareness of the necessity of debriefing with short-term work and witness experiences because I do feel that it is a major issue that is not addressed as often as it should be.

Overall, the author does a good job of highlighting both the positive and negative aspect of short-term missions, and reveals some good information that all short-termers should be aware of. His research seemed very valid, and by reading his article, I feel inspired to further investigate the importance of short-term mission work.

Other articles in this publication include:
Hornell, J. Scott. "Doing Theology: An International Risk."
Borges, James. "A Muslim Theology of Jesus' Virgin Birth and His Death."
Mofitt, Robert. "Transformation: Dream or Reality?"

Sample #2

I read the article titled, "The Long-term Impact of Short-term Missions," by Randy Friesen, which can be found in the October 2005 edition. The author of this article did research on the many positive effects short-term mission trips have on the people who take part in them and the people that the mission trip is directed towards.

Often many people feel discouraged because they believe they could have done more if it had been a long-term amount of service. I think that often short-term mission trips are seed planting. They have a much deeper and longer lasting effect than what you may see at the end of the short trip. The author takes the example of a group of students who went to an area in Africa and did some work, they left discouraged thinking they could have done more. Seven years later, the author returns to Africa for a seminar and finds the man who had hosted the group and finds out that there is a church now in the city they worked in with over 300 members. Short-term missions also has an effect on those who are a part of them. I enjoyed every moment I was in Mexico for Commission Unto Mexico and it's my small way of being a missionary. Short-term mission work is usually what most people can do, since not everyone is called to be a full time missionary.

Some other articles in this edition include: "A New Opportunity and Challenge," "Let's Get Real About Missionary Team Chemistry," and "Missionary Medicine in a Changing World."

Sample #3

Parrot, Don. "Managing the Short-Term Missions Explosion." Evangelical Missions Quarterly. July 2004. pp. 356- 360.

This article dealt with the increase of short term missions and its negative and positive effects for the long term missions strategy. Short term mission trips can suck a lot of financial recourses away form other needs. As more and more churches get involved in short term trips and projects, they may redirect giving from other areas. As people begin to get excited about short term missions the fear is that people will be less willing to prepare for career service. Short term teams can also pose many problems for field workers. The team must be housed and cared for and supervised. One of the other negative effects of short term missions is that it can sometimes move the focus of missions away from the ultimate goals. Some perceive that we are reinterpreting the Great Commission as "Go into all the world and build small block houses, painting them, finishing them, and commissioning them in my name and lo I will be with you always even until the end of the trip" (358).

Despite all of these negative issues involved with the short term missions boom many positives have also resulted. First, as more people gain hands on experience on the mission field they will be more inclined to give and support missions all their lives than if a missionary is something far away that they cannot relate to or understand. Short-term missions allows churches to be more connected with the missionaries that they support. There are broadening opportunities for outreach using these short term teams. If teams can be effectively used, the possibilities for ministry on the field can be expanded. Lastly, some of the people who go on short term mission trips will sense a call to full-time missions.

As someone who has been on short term mission trips, I think that they have been very valuable experiences. I have known many people who have been greatly impacted to support missions through an experience on a short term mission trip. However, I also see the danger of become "mission trip minded" rather than "missions minded". Short term missions must be integrated into the long term missions strategy. The two parts of the missions program must work together to accomplish the ultimate goal of world evangelism.

Other articles in this issue included "New Paradigms for Understanding Hinduism and Contextualization," "What I Want in a Missionary," "Leadership Models for the Suffering Church," and "Should Christians Use `Allah' in Bible Translations?".

Tempted to cheat on schoolwork? Before you do, read SNU's academic integrity policy

    -- Howard Culbertson,

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