Christian conversion -- point or process?

What does Christian conversion involve?

Is Christian conversion simply a single moment of time?

"If anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come!" -- 2 Corinthians 5:17

Should conversion be seen as a process that includes (1) serious heart-searching before making a decision, (2) a decision to submit to Christ's lordship, and (3) a commitment to discipleship after coming to that decision?

Sometimes, people think of soul-winning as solely the decision-making moment or point of conversion. They neglect the "before" and "after" steps of what the call to become a believer in Christ means for most people. Those "before" steps may be brought about by what had been called pre-evangelism.

Hesselgrave's stages of conversion

In his book Communicating Christ cross-culturally (Zondervan, pages 446-452), Missiologist David Hesselgrave points to several stages that generally occur in authentic Christian conversion. Believers wanting to win others to Christ should understand that they are trying to help people through a process that Hesselgrave outlines with alliteration:

"There is a person called Christ whom the true God is said to have sent into the world to be the Savior and Lord of human beings."
"Should I forsake my old ways and follow Christ?"
"I will repent and believe in Christ."
"Forces are trying to draw me back to the old ways. Shall I resist them and continue to follow Christ?"
"I will identify with the people of Christ in His church. I will live in submission to His lordship and church discipline."

Thus, when a person acknowledges having embraced Christ as Savior, that may be remembered as a specific point in time. However, the path leading to that point may have been long. A praying mother, a godly professor, a Christian book, a dramatic play, a loving friend, a personal crisis . . . all may have played a part in that person coming to the decision to repent and accept Christ's lordship. (1 Corinthians 3:5-10; John 4:34-38)

12 Steps to Christian Conversion based on the Twelve Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous

  1. We have admitted we are powerless over sin and that our lives have become unmanageable.
  2. We came to believe that only a power greater than ourselves could restore us.
  3. We decided to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God.
  4. We made a searching and no-holds-barred moral inventory of ourselves.
  5. We admitted to God, to ourselves, and to other human beings the exact nature of our wrongs.
  6. We were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.
  7. We humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings.
  8. We made a list of all the people we had harmed and became willing to make amends to them all.
  9. We have made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when doing so would injure them or others.
  10. We continue to take personal inventory. When we are wrong, we promptly admit it.
  11. Through prayer and meditation, we seek to improve our conscious contact with God, praying for the knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out.
  12. Having had a spiritual awakening as a result of these steps, we carry this message to others.

    -- Howard Culbertson,


Christian conversion is a process that encompasses more than just the moment of decision or commitment. It involves a series of events, experiences, and inner transformations that both precede and follow the decisive moment of conversion.

Before cementing a decision, people may go through a period of spiritual seeking, questioning, and exploration. They may encounter God's grace through various means such as personal experiences, relationships, or exposure to Christian teachings. These experiences can them to a point of readiness to make a commitment to Christ.

Furthermore, after what mighgt be considered the moment of conversion, the journey continues as believers grow in their relationship with God. This involves ongoing learning, spiritual formation, and discipleship. It's a process of deepening understanding, developing character, and becoming more like Christ over time.

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