I had a friend who seemed fixated on "saving souls." I never heard him talk much about the people he encountered except for counting them if they repented of their sins and accepted Jesus as their Savior. The only thing that seemed to be on his "to do" list was making sure people got saved and therefore had a ticket to heaven.
Do not misunderstand me: Being passionate about people going to Heaven is not a bad thing . . . unless all you think about is making sure their "souls" are going to be saved.
As I read the gospels, I see Jesus concerned about more things than "saving souls." He did not separate people into bodies and souls and whatever else like my friend seemed to do. Jesus saw individuals as whole persons, and He treated them as such. He spent time with them. He ate at their tables. He played with their children. He went to the synagogue with them. He laughed and cried with them. And, He announced: "I came so that everyone would have life, and have it in its fullest." (John 10:10, CEV).
Jesus did ministry in a holistic* way. That means He did not see people's physical and emotional side as something totally separated from their spiritual side. He dispensed forgiveness at the same time he healed diseases. He helped people to spiritual wholeness at the same time that He was feeding them fish sandwiches.
In Jesus' holistic modus operandi, He saw people in the context of the society in which they lived. For that reason, He talked about ways to foster healthy relationships. Jesus' response to a question about the "greatest commandment" reveals a holistic way of thinking. His response addressed out horizontal dimension (loving others) as well as our vertical one (loving God).
Across the years, the best world missions outreach has been been holistic like Jesus' earthly ministry was. For instance, in the early 1800s British missionary William Carey set the pattern for Protestant missionary work. One reason Carey is called the "Father of the Modern Missionary Movement" is his holistic approach to missions.
To be sure, Carey did evangelistic outreach endeavors including open-air preaching, but he also introduced economic development projects and literacy and medical ministries. He battled to give young women educational opportunities. He fought against the abhorrent practice of burning widows alive on the funeral pyres of their dead husbands.
If missionaries today want to do ministry in the name of Jesus Christ they must approach it in the holistic fashion of our Lord and Savior by meeting human needs as well as saving souls.
*Some dictionaries say "wholistic" is a variant spelling of "holistic." Others give slightly different nuances to each of the two words.
-- Howard Culbertson
This mini-essay on Christlike attitudes and actions that should to be present in cross-cultural missionary service is one of a dozen articles in the "missionary ministry that reflects Christ" series published in Engage, a monthly online missions magazine.
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