The resurrection of Jesus, whether God still speaks today, and the significance of "Son of
- The Scriptures declare that God bodily raised Jesus from
the dead. It was not a "spirit" resurrection.
- "Son of God" refers to Jesus' nature rather than to an
ancestral relationship just as "Son of Man" means He was fully human.
- While we now have the Bible to read, God still speaks or communicates to human beings as
He once did.
My responses to a Jehovah's Witness
"As usual, Paul entered there and . . . discussed the Scriptures with them." --
Acts 17:2 (International Study Bible)
Excerpts from email exchanges I had with a Jehovah's Witness
- Jehovah's Witness question: Since Jesus died and you are teaching
that Jesus is God, isn't that saying God died? So, if that's the case, who resurrected him? Did a
dead person resurrect himself?
- My answer: I understand that Jehovah's Witnesses believe that human
beings cease to exist at death and that "resurrection" means to be recreated from
Jehovah's memory. Do I correctly understand what you have been taught on that?
Let's look at some scriptures that show that our Lord Jesus Christ did not cease to exist when he
died but which indicate that he was raised immortal in the same physical body that died on the
The second chapter of John's Gospel recounts a conversation
between Jesus and some unnamed Jews. In this passage, John quotes what Jesus said and then
notes the response of those Jesus was speaking with. John then explains what Jesus meant and
how Jesus' disciples understood what he meant. The passage says:
"Then the Jews demanded of him, 'What
miraculous sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?'
"Jesus answered them, 'Destroy this temple, and I will raise
it again in three days.'
"The Jews replied, 'It has taken forty-six years to build this
temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?'
"But the temple he had spoken of was his body. After he
was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the
Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken."
In this episode, skeptical Jews asked Jesus to prove he was the Messiah. Jesus replied that
although his physical body was going to die, he would raise himself from death.
Isn't a clear implication of being able to raise himself from
the dead that, even after death, Jesus would continue to have a conscious existence? If Jesus
continued to have a conscious existence after the death of his body, then perhaps other people do
not cease to exist at death either. In fact, as is said in other scriptures, all the dead must face
God's judgment and will be accorded either salvation because of their faith in Christ or
condemnation because they rejected Christ. Matthew 25:46 says it clearly: "Then they [the
'goats' on his left] will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to life eternal."
Jesus claimed (and John affirmed) that his resurrection
would be bodily. It would be, in fact, the same body that was crucified on the cross. Jesus said,
"Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again."
John defines "this temple" as his body. Therefore, Jesus
declared, and John affirmed that Jesus was resurrected in the same human body in which he lived
and died. So, Jesus' resurrection is a bodily resurrection. It is
not a "spirit" resurrection. There is also the passage in Luke 24:39 where the resurrected Jesus
assures his disciples:
"Why are you troubled, and why do doubts rise in your minds? Look at my
hands and my feet. It is I myself! Touch me and see; a ghost [spirit] does not have flesh and
bones, as you see I have."
By saying that he will raise himself from the dead, Jesus
is also claiming to be God Almighty. Although prophets were used by God to resuscitate people
who had died, the power to resurrect someone from the dead who will never die again belongs to
God alone. The Scriptures clearly declare that it was God who raised Jesus from the dead (Acts
2:22, 24, 32, 36; Acts 3:13-15; Romans 10:9).
In John 10, Jesus explains how it is possible for him to die and yet raise himself from the dead.
Because He was Yahweh,
Jesus had the power to raise his
physical body from the dead. He declares:
"The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life -- only to take it up
again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it
down and authority to take it up again" (John 10:17-18).
I realize all this sounds different from what you are
being taught by the Watchtower Society. However, don't you think that when eternal life is on
the line, one should be willing to follow the Scriptures no matter where they lead?
- Jehovah's Witness question: Did you know that God no longer
speaks to us today now that we have the Bible to read? Why would He need to repeat Himself by
speaking to us directly?
- My answer: I am sorry you think God has gone deaf and dumb these days. He does
still speak as He has spoken throughout the centuries. Maybe He's not speaking to the Jehovah's
Witnesses these days, but He is speaking! Praise be to His name.
Throughout the history of God's interaction with human beings, He has both spoken and has
used written records. The biblical record is the story of the Creator God interacting with His
creation. You may think He has changed and does not currently interact with us, but I do
- Jehovah's Witness question: Didn't the religious leaders execute Jesus
because he said he was God's Son? Look at John 19:7: "The Jews answered him: 'We have a
law, and according to the law he ought to die, because he made himself GOD'S SON.'" What
part of this scripture don't you understand?"
- My answer: First Century Jews would have understood the phrase "Son of God"
to be referring to his nature rather than to an ancestral relationship (just as "Son of Man" refers to
His nature as a human being and not to his ancestry). If "Son of God" means Jesus was not God
Himself, shouldn't the title "Son of Man" mean that Jesus was not human? It doesn't.
Son of Man means Jesus was fully a human being. Son of God means Jesus was
fully God. Both of those statements are true. One cannot be true, and the other false.
Scripture is clear: Jesus was crucified because He identified Himself as God. A few chapters
earlier in John, there is the passage:
Jesus said to them, "I have shown you many great miracles from the Father.
For which of these do you stone me?"
That Jesus identified Himself as God is also clear from
Matthew 16:16, 26:63-65, and Luke 22:70-71 as well as the passage from John which you
quoted. When the Sanhedrin condemned Christ to death, it did so on the grounds of His claims
not to messiahship but to deity. To Jews, there was only one deity, and He was called the Lord:
"Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One." -- Deuteronomy 6:4
"We are not stoning you for any of these," replied the Jews, "but for blasphemy, because you, a
mere man, claim to be God." -- John 10:32-33
Was Jesus crucified because he claimed to be a superangel? No,
He was crucified because the Jewish leaders of His day understood Him to be claiming He
was God. They would not have executed him if He had merely claimed to be an angel. Someone
claiming to be an angel -- even the archangel -- was not guilty of a capital offense. The fact that
Jewish authorities went to the trouble of convincing the Roman government to put Jesus to death
strongly suggests that those Jews understood that Jesus claimed to be God.
The English phrase "Son of God" may not always communicate clearly what First Century Jews
would have understood when they said "Son of God."
The English words can make us think of "son" as something totally separate. However, think
about the phrase "Son of Man," which was also used for Jesus. Does "Son of Man" mean Jesus
was not really Man? No, what Son of Man meant to the Greek-speaking people of the First
Century was that Jesus was fully man. Thus, wouldn't the phrase "Son of God" mean that Jesus
was fully God?
"Son of God" does not mean son in the sense of "office,"
that is "descended from." Son in both phrases -- "Son of God" and "Son of Man" -- is in terms of
nature or genus. This thought would have come through much clearer to people of Bible times
than it does to English-speaking folks of the 21st century.
Early Jewish Christians would have been banished from the synagogues for polytheism -- which is
what they might have been accused of preaching if they had been saying Jesus was an "almost
divine" being just a notch below Yahweh. Were those early
Chreist-followers banished for such a belief? No, they were not. However, they were banished and
it was for saying that Jesus was God himself. Saul (who later became Paul) went after Christians
and even had some of them put to death. He charged them with blasphemy for their belief that
Jesus was God in human form. He did not go after them because they were saying that Jesus was
the archangel Michael.
-- Howard Culbertson,
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