Psalm 23: He is my shepherd

I lack nothing

What is the message of Psalm 23 for us today?

23 1 The Lord is my shepherd, I lack nothing.
2 He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters,
3 he refreshes my soul. He guides me along the right paths for his name's sake.

4 Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me;
your rod and your staff, they comfort me.
5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies.
You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.
6 Surely your goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life,
and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever.

Week 31 (August)

"Afraid? Why should I be afraid? We've passed through worse things than a storm of rain before. He who has protected us for so long will protect us now."

As Renzo crouched behind that hut, hiding from the authorities, he could hardly believe his ears. That sweet, melodic voice! Could that have been Lucia?

It is a climactic moment for this engaged couple who are the hero and heroine of Alessandro Manzoni's 1927 historical novel, I promessi sposi (The Betrothed). The voice talking about the care and protection of our Good Shepherd was indeed Lucia. At long last the two lovers are reunited.

An Italian literature classic, I promessi sposi takes place 300 years ago when much of Italy was at the mercy of petty noblemen whose bands of arrogant desperados ran roughshod over law and justice.

One of these villains is Don Rodrigo. He is intent on forcing Lucia to marry him instead of Lorenzo (who goes by "Renzo"). She refuses and is forced to flee her peaceful village to escape his clutches.

The novel is the story of Lucia's and Renzo's search for each other in the turbulent history of early 17th-century Italy. It is very much a "valley of the shadow of death" described in Psalms 23. It was a time of violent bread riots, the ravages of the Thirty Years War, famine, and the horrors of a bubonic plague epidemic.

In fact, it is a camp for dying plague victims that Renzo and Lucia are reunited after he overhears her talking about the comfort and care of the Lord.

To be sure, Alessandro Manzoni's Lucia is not an evangelical Protestant. She is very much steeped in the Roman Catholicism of 17th-century Italy. However, her assuring words to a dying friend make me think of the affirmation of Psalm 23 that trusting in God will bring rest, peace (shalom), comfort, and even triumph in the presence of fear.

Psalm 23, that beloved passage from the collection of Hebrew songs we call psalms, is full of profound theological truths concerning the unique relationship human beings can have with their Creator. Framed in sheep/shepherd terms, Psalm 23 tells us a great deal about the nature of God and His desires for us.

God cares, protects, and even corrects his people, just as a good shepherd cares for his flock. God's presence with us is promised now and forever. And that includes whatever dark valleys may lie between here and forever -- be they bread riots or rainstorms.

Our Shepherd's loving care for us includes the rebuilding and restoring of shattered spiritual capacities. To obtain the bountiful blessings in Psalm 23 we must trust our Shepherd as fully and completely as a sheep trusts its shepherd.

I don't know what dark valleys you have been through lately. But, let me ask you a question. Can you say, "The Lord is my Shepherd"? If you can, then you will be able to repeat the other phrase as well: "I will fear no evil."

Discussion questions

  1. How does the relationship between a shepherd and a sheep portrayed in Psalm 23 provide a metaphor for the relationship between God and humanity?
  2. In what ways can trusting in God bring rest, peace, comfort, and triumph in the presence of fear, as affirmed in Psalm 23?
  3. In what ways could Psalm 23 offer comfort and reassurance to those facing "dark valleys" in their lives?
  4. What practical steps can we take to fully trust God as our Shepherd and experience the blessings promised in Psalm 23?

    -- Howard Culbertson,

I wrote this devotional article while Barbara and I were serving as missionaries in Italy. It originally appeared in Standard, a weekly Faith Connections take-home curriculum piece for adult Sunday school classes published by The Foundry.


"The Lord is my Shepherd" is a phrase from Psalm 23, one of the most well-known and beloved passages in the Old Testament. This psalm uses the imagery of a shepherd caring for his flock to describe a person's relationship with God.

Saying "The Lord is my Shepherd" expresses the belief that God is like a shepherd who provides guidance, protection, and care for his people, just as a shepherd tends to his sheep. It implies a deep trust in God's provision, guidance, and protection in every aspect of life.

The shepherd-sheep metaphor highlights the intimate and personal relationship between believers and God. It conveys the idea of dependence on God for sustenance, guidance, and safety, much like sheep depend on their shepherd for everything they need.

In short, saying "The Lord is my Shepherd" is a declaration of faith, trust, and reliance on God's loving care and guidance. It's a recognition of God's role as the provider and protector of His people.

Must we resign ourselves to "whatever is meant to happen will happen"?

More for you from Psalms

You might also like these