What does Romans 10:15 mean for us today?

Missions: The heart of God

Unless they are sent

"And how can anyone preach unless they are sent?" -- Romans 10:15

Romans 10:9-10 proclaims that we are saved by believing that God raised Jesus from the dead and then embracing Him as Lord. After that powerful declaration of salvation by grace, the passage moves to describing the plight of those who seemingly have no hope of anyone preaching to them the Good News.

The words of Romans 10:15 come next and therefore constitute more than random thoughts about a call to preach. That verse points to the Church's obligation to reach those without any access to the Gospel. The phrase about "sending" preachers is not addressing the need for pastors to lead existing congregations, as important as that pastoral ministry is. Because of the context in which it is found, Romans 10:15 is centered squarely on the unfinished task of world evangelism.

People being sent to proclaim a message from God is not something unique to the New Testament. Old Testament writings contain several stories of God sending people as His messengers. For example, the writings of prophets like Isaiah, Jeremiah and Jonah give specifics of how and then they were divinely sent.

Though the idea of being divinely sent appears in both Testaments, the New Testament adds an additional nuance, that of the Church's involvement. As a case in point, Jesus told His followers to "pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers" (Luke 10:2, ESV). Then, Acts 13:2 describes the Holy Spirit directing the Antioch church to be a sending agent for Paul and Barnabas.

During his third missionary journey, Paul wrote a letter to the church in Rome. In that Epistle to the Romans, Paul asked for their help for his planned missionary journey to Spain (Romans 15:24). Thus, when Paul wrote the "unless they are sent" phrase in Romans 10:15, he likely envisioned human as well as divine involvement in the sending process.

Not every believer has understood that. For example, not long ago I was recruiting college students for a mission trip. One campus leader got exasperated at my attempts to get him on board. One day as we walked together across campus, the young man blurted out, "Well, missions is your thing. It's just not mine!"

He was wrong, of course. "Making Christlike disciples in the nations" will never be accomplished by missionaries flying solo. Maybe God was not calling that particular young man to spend his life preaching the Gospel among an unreached people group. However, God does expect him -- and every other believer -- to be involved in sending and supporting those workers He is calling.

The condition tied to "how can anyone preach" in Romans 10:15 is two pronged:

  1. How will anyone preach to the unreached unless God calls them?
  2. How can anyone go preach to the unreached unless the Church steps forward with emotional and financial backing as well as intercessory prayer support?

    -- Howard Culbertson

More on this topic: "As He sent me, so I am sending you!"

This 500-word mini-essay on a world missions Bible passage is one of more than three dozen articles in the "Heart of God" series published in Engage, a monthly online magazine produced by the Churchof the Nazarene.

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