The Israelites in Egypt: Where they did not belong

What can the story of the Israelites' long stay in Egypt teach us?

Exodus 1:1-14

1 1 These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob, each with his family: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; 3 Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 4 Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher. 5 The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy in all; Joseph was already in Egypt.

6 Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died, 7 but the Israelites were exceedingly fruitful; they multiplied greatly, increased in numbers and became so numerous that the land was filled with them.

8 Then a new king, to whom Joseph meant nothing, came to power in Egypt. 9 "Look," he said to his people, "the Israelites have become far too numerous for us. 10 Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."

11 So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh. 12 But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites 13 and worked them ruthlessly. 14 They made their lives bitter with harsh labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their harsh labor the Egyptians worked them ruthlessly.

Week 36

Did you ever find yourself trapped in a place where you did not belong? Were you in the wrong place at the wrong time? Was it a situation where you were out of place?

It happened to me during my freshman year in college. A couple of days after I had arrived home for Christmas vacation, a girl I had known in high school called and invited me to a party. It sounded OK, so I accepted the invitation.

Unfortunately, I didn't know until I got there that it was a dance. Dancing was not one of the things young people from my church participated in.

How does an eighteen-year-old make a graceful exit from a party (or dance) just after walking in the door? I had left my etiquette book at home, and I didn't like how my only excuse for leaving would sound. I thought of announcing that I was really Batman and I had just seen the secret signal in the sky that Gotham City was in trouble and needed me. But I didn't feel right about using that one.

I knew I didn't belong there, but I felt trapped. So I decided to hang around for a little while, at least.

But the longer I stayed, the worse things got. Though I tried to appear occupied by talking to people, every so often, a girl would ask me to dance. It wasn't a strong temptation for this preacher's kid, because I didn't know how!

Eventually, I managed to excuse myself, but not even my graceful exit put the matter to rest.

A couple of days later, our small town newspaper printed a story about the dance on the society page. The closing paragraph began: "The dancers were . . ." and there was my name.

What a mess I had gotten myself into!

The children of Israel faced a similar dilemma. Since there was a famine in Canaan, they went down to Egypt. After a while, the party turned sour. And the longer they stayed, the worse it got. In fact, the first chapter of Exodus describes their lives as "bitter."

They didn't belong in Egypt. God's place for them was Canaan, but there didn't seem to be any way for them to escape the land of the Pharaohs.

The biblical account of the enslavement of the Israelites and their subsequent deliverance by the Lord is useful not only as history but also as an analogy of people's lives today.

Sin often traps us in just the same way. We are invited to the "party" only to discover too late that it is not what we thought. But we decide to stay around for just a little while, and then there doesn't seem to be any way out. The longer we stay, looking for a graceful exit, the worse it gets. The party turns into forced labor: "Everyone who sins is a slave to sin" (John 8:34). Then we are really trapped.

Human beings don't belong in sin. We are promised something better. There's a Canaan where we can discover the real meaning of "belonging." But the only way out of our bondage is through the liberation which God offers through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Discussion questions

  1. In what ways can a 4,000-year-old story of the Israelites in Egypt serve as a cautionary tale for individuals today?
  2. In what ways can sin trap people in situations where they don't belong? Can you provide an example from your own life or someone you know?
  3. Why might it be important for individuals to seek a way out of bondage to sin? What are the potential consequences of remaining in sin?
  4. How does the liberation offered by Jesus Christ provide a way out of bondage to sin? Can you explain the process of liberation?
  5. How can individuals discern when they are in a situation where they do not belong? What steps can they take to exit such situations gracefully?

    -- Howard Culbertson,

I wrote this devotional article while Barbara and I were serving as missionaries in Italy. It originally appeared in Standard, a weekly Faith Connections take-home curriculum piece for adult Sunday school classes published by The Foundry.


Exodus 1:1-11 describes the situation of the Israelites in Egypt and the oppression they faced under a new Pharaoh who did not know Joseph. Here are some lessons that people have drawn from these verses:

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