People on Christian Thought Exam #1


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ACROSS
1   Main Reformed theologian; used Augustine's teaching to affirm "total depravity" of humanity and the doctrine of predestination
4   Theory of evolution regarding origin of species; originally a Christian, became increasingly agnostic; "survival of the fittest"
5   God's essential characteristic is immutability; held that the Word (Jesus) was not eternal and is not God, but was created by God as the first of all creatures; ideas rejected by Council of Nicea
6   Supported Copernican theory of the solar system
10   Early systematizer of Christian doctrine; interpreted Bible allegorically
14   Defended Christianity against Gnosticism and the doctrines of Marcion
15   Founder of Methodist movement, stressed personal experience with Christ, sanctification and social impact of Christian faith
18   "faith seeking understanding"; known for "ontological" proof of the existence of God and for clear statement of substitutionary theory of atonement
 
DOWN
1   Used Platonic philosophical tradition to defend and interpret Christian Faith; the sin of Adam was only a symbol of the fact that we all eventually would sin, affirming that all sin on their own account
2   Held that there are two gods: one of the Old Testament and one of the New; Jesus did not come in a physical body nor was he born from Mary
3   Staunch defender of rigid predestination
7   Perhaps most influential theologian in history; known for his doctrine of grace; humans do not have the power to decide on their own redemption
8   German reformer who came to conviction that salvation is by faith and not by works or by merits; declared that the Bible has more authority than all the councils of the church
9   Insisted that truth is only one; therefore created a synthesis between Aristotle's philosophy and Christian faith
11   Tried to show how Christian faith could claim for itself the best in ancient pagan philosophy (on the basis of the doctrine of the Logos (or Word)
12   Theory of solar system revolving around the sun
13   His writings gave rise to existentialism
16   History is the unfolding of the universal mind; developed a "system" that explained all of reality
17   Most important Protestant theologian of 20th century; rejected use of philosophy and underscored divine transcendence and sovereignty; insisted on the function of theology as critique of the life and proclamation of the church

Study guide for exam 1: click here

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