The tense story of Moses and the Pharaoh in Exodus 5: God's man under pressure

Commentary on Exodus 5

Exodus 5:1-14

5 1 Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, "This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: 'Let my people go, so that they may hold a festival to me in the wilderness.'"

2 Pharaoh said, "Who is the Lord, that I should obey him and let Israel go? I do not know the Lord and I will not let Israel go."

3 Then they said, "The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Now let us take a three-day journey into the wilderness to offer sacrifices to the Lord our God, or he may strike us with plagues or with the sword."

4 But the king of Egypt said, "Moses and Aaron, why are you taking the people away from their labor? Get back to your work!" 5 Then Pharaoh said, "Look, the people of the land are now numerous, and you are stopping them from working."

6 That same day Pharaoh gave this order to the slave drivers and overseers in charge of the people: 7 "You are no longer to supply the people with straw for making bricks; let them go and gather their own straw. 8 But require them to make the same number of bricks as before; don't reduce the quota. They are lazy; that is why they are crying out, 'Let us go and sacrifice to our God.' 9 Make the work harder for the people so that they keep working and pay no attention to lies."

10 Then the slave drivers and the overseers went out and said to the people, "This is what Pharaoh says: 'I will not give you any more straw. 11 Go and get your own straw wherever you can find it, but your work will not be reduced at all.'" 12 So the people scattered all over Egypt to gather stubble to use for straw. 13 The slave drivers kept pressing them, saying, "Complete the work required of you for each day, just as when you had straw." 14 And Pharaoh's slave drivers beat the Israelite overseers they had appointed, demanding, "Why haven't you met your quota of bricks yesterday or today, as before?"

Week 39 (September)

"Let my people go," was the impassioned plea of Moses before Pharaoh. But not only did the hardened monarch reject Moses' request, he accused the Hebrews of being lazy and of giving religious motives in an attempt to evade their responsibilities.

When Moses persisted, the Pharaoh countered with an order to increase the work load on the children of Israel. As the cruelty of their Egyptian taskmasters mounted, it appeared to the Israelites that Moses' attempts to free them had backfired.

They began to blame him for their problems, wondering how he could possibly be following the leadership of the Lord. Was God really working in a situation where matters got continually worse?

When Moses could not convince his own people, he began to doubt if he would ever convince Pharaoh to let them go. However, even under pressure from both sides, Moses didn't walk away from what he believed to be the will of the Lord.

He took his doubts to the Lord in prayer. Instead of taking the situation into his own hands, he sought divine guidance for each step. Because he remained God's man under pressure, he was successful in carrying out the master plan.

I have had the occasion a few times to watch my own father fulfill his divine calling while under heavy pressures. Once, for instance, a Nazarene general superintendent asked him to accept an appointment as pastor of a church in severe difficulty. The congregation had defied their district superintendent in the calling of a pastor.

In their appeal to the general superintendent, these people had insisted on calling a man the district superintendent would not approve. They threatened not to pay the moving expenses or one penny of salary to any other man.

It was into that kind of situation my father was asked to go. (Incidentally, he was not the man they wanted.) But he prayed through on accepting that appointment. Though he didn't have a burning bush experience like Moses, he was convinced that it was the voice of the Lord asking him to change pastorates.

So he went, and wholeheartedly searched for ways to revitalize that church. It wasn't easy. There were pressures both from God's people and from Satan himself. His term of service even cost my father some physical well-being. But in it all, he remained God's man.

Some years later, I walked around the property of that church with my dad's successor. The congregation had just finished a multistage building program and was growing in every way. My heart warmed with "sonly pride" when I heard this pastor say that the church was where it was because my father, even under a great deal of pressure, had remained God's man.

Perhaps God is leading you into a new spiritual adventure. Your obedience to Him may cost you something. As Paul and Barnabas reminded the first-century Christians, "We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God" (Acts 14:22, NIV). But whatever the pressures, you can rest assured that the Lord will enable you to accomplish His will for your life.

The author wrote these devotional thoughts while serving as a missionary in Italy. They were published in Standard a take-home curriculum piece to correlate with the Enduring Word Bible studies series produced by what is now The Foundry.

    -- Howard Culbertson


"What does a holiness minister do anyway?"    Why do pastors resign?

Case studies: When trust in a pastor erodes     A pastor battling racism in his church     Pastor under attack

Other devotional articles:    Year-long series in Standard    Devotional illustrations from ham radio     Christmas    Come Ye Apart

ebook: Rookie Notebook: Our first nine months as missionaries in Italy     10/40 Window map and explanation     Seeking God's will?     African martyr's commitment     Mission trip fundraising     Ten ways to ruin mission trips     Nazarene Missions International resources