Canaan: A strategic land bridge between Europe/Asia and Africa

Was the "Promised Land" -- the area often now called The Holy Land -- chosen for missionary purposes?

"This is Jerusalem: I have set her in the center of the nations, with countries all around her" -- Ezekiel 5:5, NIV

map of Middle East
showing trades routes through Canaan

Why did God ask Abraham to uproot his family and move all the way to Canaan, a narrow ribbon of territory between the eastern shore of the Mediterranean and the Jordan River? Why did the Lord need him to move from one end of the fertile crescent to the other? The answer is simple: strategy. Missiologists have long pointed to the strategic importance of that narrow piece of real estate which Christians today often call The Holy Land.

The Promised Land of Canaan -- now inhabited by both Jews and Palestinians -- is only 60 miles wide in places. At its western edge is the Mediterranean Sea. To the east is impassable desert. Its location makes it a land bridge between three continents. Africa's only land link to Europe and to Asia runs through what is today modern Israel. If God wanted to make Himself known throughout the ancient world, this would have been the ideal place to do it from.

To establish and maintain a nation on this busy bridge would be a superhuman feat. But this is exactly what the seemingly-puny little Israel did (with some brief gaps) for nearly 1,300 years. Was it a a mere coincidence that God placed His people on this bridge between continents? Unlikely. He seems to have done so on purpose so that His name would be proclaimed in "all nations."

More on God's instructions to Abraham to move to Canaan

Map idea taken from Bible Mapbook by Simon Jenkins, published by Lion Publishing, and reproduced by permission.

The land of Israel: A bridge between the great civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia

by Ya'akov Meshorer, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem

As a bridge between continents and empires, the land was a constant battle-ground down the centuries. Whoever controls Israel controls the land bridge between Europe, Africa and Asia. The skinny little land bridge that was home to Israel and Judah knows the tramp of many a foreign foot as nations more powerful than they crisscrossed it en route to great power struggles elsewhere.

An understanding of Jewish history rests on appreciating how the location of the land of Israel, on a bridge between Africa and Asia, shaped the fate of the Jewish people. The "superpowers" of the periods were Egypt, to Israel's southwest; Assyria and Babylonia, to Israel's northeast; and, later, Rome and Greece, to the northwest.

As the great powers battled each other through the centuries, they necessarily had to traverse the land bridge on which Israel was located. Thus, the history of the land of Israel is something like that of the Baltic states, caught between Germany and Russia. As the balance of power has swung between those superpowers, conquering armies would march through the countries separating them, sometimes forcing local residents to adopt the culture of the conqueror. Likewise, Jewish history is a story of great powers, wars, invasions, revolts, and exiles.

Being in Jerusalem for the Pentecost celebration

Just before Jesus' ascension into Heaven, He told His close followers to stay in Jerusalem (Acts 1:4). Was that just to keep them together or was it a strategic move?

Jerusalem wasn't home for most of them. Galilee was their home. They were outsiders in Jerusalem. Indeed, in the Acts 2 account of the Holy Spirit's coming on the day of Pentecost, people identified Jesus' followers as being from Galilee because of the accent in their speech.

So, why had Jesus told them to stay in Jerusalem? Was it because Jerusalem would be overrun by people from all over the Mediterranean during the celebration of Pentecost? What a global stage the city would be on which to proclaim the Good News. Having all of His close followers in Jerusalem for that festival may well have been a strategic move on Jesus' part.

Sample hand-drawn map for exam

Map drawn by student for first exam in Introduction to Biblical Literature

On the first exam in Introduction to Biblical Literature, students may be asked to hand draw a map of the eastern Mediterranean and indicate the location of several places. Check the study guide to see what the expectations (including locations to be marked) are for your particular class.

Maps will not be graded on either artistic quality or exactness to scale. Below is an example of what will meet the expectations. As you can see, it's not the most precise map that's ever been drawn. However, it does indicate to me that the person drawing it would be able to point to all of the places on a professionaly-drawn printed map of that area of the world.

hand-drawn map of
biblical geography

    -- Howard Culbertson

Need answers? The Old Testament has them.

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hereHow can I know what God expects of us? What plan does God have for the world? These questions and others are answered in the Old Testament. [ more ]


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