What can we learn from the woman whose biography by Carol Christian was titled God and One Readhead?

Missionarie who shaped today's global outreach efforts

500-word mini-essays in Engage magazine

1. Mary Slessor and Identification

"More African than the Afrians"

Missionary work which follows New Testament patterns involves settling in with a people group for a significant period of time. It means living with them, connecting ith them on a variety of levels. It entails eating their food, learning their language, and enjoying their humor. It includes becoming able to genuinely empathize with them.

Such purposeful participation by missionaries in another culture is called "identification." It does not necessitate "going native" and totally forsaking one's own culture. It means becoming bicultural in addition to becoming bilingual.

Through the centuries lots of Christian missionaries have exemplified good identification. One example would be Mary Slessor and her 40 years of missionary service in Africa.

Born into a poor Scottish family in the middle of the 1800s, red-headed Mary felt a call to ministry at age 11. Coincidentally, that same year she went to work in a textile factory. She had an alcoholic father who could not provide for his family so little Mary worked ten-hour days, six days a week, to help support her family.

Missionary David Livingstone, who was then in Africa, became Slessor's hero. At his death she determined to follow in his footsteps. So, two years later at age 29, Mary Slessor arrived in Calabar, a region of what is now Nigeria.

Initially, Mary was assigned to work in a city school along with other European missionaries. Her heart, however, was in doing pioneer work among unreached people. Other missionaries spoke of the "savagery" and "heathenness" of such people, but that was exactly where Mary felt the gospel needed to be lived and proclaimed.

Four years later she was able to move out into a tribal area. Deciding to live with the local people as they lived, she moved into a traditional African house. As she settled in, identifying with the people she had come to serve became a core value. Among other things, she discarded the multi-layered petticoats worn by many European missionary ladies, choosing instead simple cotton dresses more in line with what African women were wearing.

Because of Mary's strong personality, other missionaries sometimes found it difficult to relate to her. Not so with the Africans. Her identification with them wa so authentic that an African church leader once said she was "more African than the Africans."

Indeed, because of Mary Slessor's close identification with the people, her living out the gospel among them enabled her to be instrumental in settling tribal hostilities. She successfully battled witchdoctor's "healing" practices and fought other practices contrary to God's design. For example, she got one tribe to give up their practice of killing infant twins. She was so respected and influential that she came to be called "the white queen of Calabar."

In authentic identification, missionaries can say (either out loud or at least to themselves), "When I am among you, I feel at home." That seems to be where Mary Slessor arrived in her pursuit of identification.

     -- Howard Culbertson

"Mary Slessor's desire to make a difference was not deterred by her gender or the status of women in those days but was fueled by a sincere determination to be a blessing for the people of Africa." -- Aneel Mall, Northwest Nazarene University graduate student

More mini-essays in the "Doing missions well" series


World missions history resources:    Black Americans involvement in world missions     World mission history crossword puzzle    Historic slogans   Brief overview of world mission history    Monastic missionary strategy    Nazarene Missions International history    PowerPoint presentation: Epochs of world mission history    World evangelism from 1600 to the present     Missions history syllabus     Yeare-by-year timeline of world evangelism    World mission events that happened on this day in history     Evangelization of the Vikings    William Borden's story