Writing with pizazz
Surviving my courses
Exam study guides
Fixing writing problems
Listening to lectures
One bite at a time
Seeking God's will?
Mission trip fund-raising
10 ways to ruin mission trips
Nazarene Missions International resources
How your writing can communicate clearly and persuasively
Doing something with pizazz means to do it with flair, energy and excitement.
Though few of us aspire to winning Pulitzer Prizes with our writing, we do want our writing to
be a credit to us.
In her book Writing on the Job: Quick, Practical Solutions to All Your Business Writing
Problems, author Cosmo Ferrara tells how to add pizazz to
- Turn being verbs into doing ones.
Verbs such as is, are, were, and has been make your writing sound
flat and bureaucratic. To turn dull writing into engaging prose, change being verbs into
doing ones. For example:
Being verbs: "I was at the church last week, and was given a tour of
Doing verbs: "I visited the church last week and toured the building."
- Write concretely, instead of abstractly.
Expressing your thoughts
concretely gives the reader a clear picture of what you are saying. Having trouble thinking of a
concrete phrases to replace abstract ones? Then, think of how you would communicate that same
ideas in a conversation. We tend to speak in a more concrete manner than we write.
- Write precisely.
Imprecise writers use extra
words and syllables. Precise writers use fewer words to communicate the same ideas. As you proofread, look for places to substitute one word for two of them or a
shorter word for a longer one.
- Ask rhetorical questions.
As you write, think of the questions that might
pop into your readers' minds. For example: "What purpose do rhetorical questions serve?"
Because human beings are curious, rhetorical questions encourage people to continue reading.
They will start looking for an answer to the question you have posed.
- Personalize large numbers.
When readers think information affects them personally, they will pay more attention.
Engage your readers by expressing numbers in human or visual terms. Here's an example:
Original sentence: "There are 200,000 car accidents due to drunk
driving in this country each year."
Improved version: "One in three car accidents in our city involves a drunk
- Write in the active voice.
Passive sentences: "At last week's meeting, it was agreed that the old
software must be replaced."
Active voice: "At our last meeting, we agreed to replace the old software."
If you need to conceal the identity of the person or group involved, use the passive voice.
Otherwise, write in the active voice.
Adapted from an article in "The
Office Professional," Used with permission and under the "fair use" provisions of U.S.
Additional writing help
Are typos hurting your grades?
|How do you eliminate annoying errors
in your written work? Is there a failsafe way to proofread? [ read more ]|
SNU missions course materials and syllabi
Howard Culbertson, 5901 NW 81st, Oklahoma City, OK 73132
| Phone: 405-740-4149 - Fax: 405-491-6658
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License. When you use this material, an acknowledgment of the source would